Delhi, the traditional and present-day capital of India is a strategic point in northern India and has been a coveted prize for conquerors since time immemorial. Tradition places its beginning at c. 1450 B.C.E. but Delhi’s history can be reconstructed more accurately after 800 C.E., since when eight cities have been constructed in the same area. The Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan built the seventh city of Delhi, Shahjahanabad, in 1648 containing the famous Red Fort and Jama Masjid. The British moved their Capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911 and another city, New Delhi, was constructed according to the majestic plans of Edwin Lutyens. New Delhi continued to be the Capital of independent India. Thus Delhi has successively been a Capital city to princes, sultans, viceroys, and contemporary parliamentary government. The city is vibrant and progressive; its citizens represent some of the cultural and social leaders of the subcontinent.